The following is an example of the “Power & Control Wheel,” a tool developed through focus groups that illustrates the most common and universal abuser tactics experienced battered women.

[Copyright: Domestic Abuse Intervention Project |]

Battering is one form of domestic or intimate partner violence. It is characterized by the pattern of actions that an individual uses to intentionally control or dominate his intimate partner. That is why the words “power and control” are in the center of the wheel. A batterer systematically uses threats, intimidation, and coercion to instill fear in his partner. These behaviors are the spokes of the wheel. Physical and sexual violence holds it all together””this violence is the rim of the wheel.


NYS Office for the Prevention of Domestic Violence

National Coalition Against Domestic Violence

New York City Mayor’s Office to Combat Domestic Violence

New York State Domestic and Sexual Violence Hotline: 1-800-942-6906

Spanish Language (Español): 1-800-942-6908

In NYC: 1-800-621-HOPE (4673) or dial 311

TTY: 1-866-604-5350